Before knowing about Indian Muslim Wedding traditions and rituals, let’s know in brief about the importance of wedding in Islam. Indian weddings are so cheerful and colorful celebrations filled with centuries of wealthy traditions. While the majority of American Indian couples are rooted in Hinduism, Islam is also a popular religion for married couples who wed traditionally.
Generally, a wedding is an essential component of Islamic culture and are directed by the Holy Quran as one of the prime responsibility of a Muslim. It allows a Muslim through his family and future generations to preserve and multiply Islam. Indian Muslim wedding traditional rituals differ widely based on region, sects and customs of the individuals concerned. But the ceremony ‘ Nikah’ stays the same at its core. The Arabic term for the marriage is called the Nikah ceremony.
In India, more than 172 million people follow traditional Islamic wedding rituals. It’s a unique mix of traditional Islamic customs. Also the adaptation of Pre-existing Indian sub-continent rituals. Generally, every marriage has an important objective- i.e; celebrating two people’s sacred union and of course, two families. Let’s look at various Indian Muslim Wedding rituals.
Here is a fast overview of the traditions and expectations of the Nikha ceremony at an Indian Muslim Wedding:
Matrimonies between Indian Muslims are predominantly arranged and the matches are often sought in the same religious sect and communities. The religious leader or imam of the neighboring mosque is then informed when a match has been concluded by families, that consider themselves compatible with each other. This is Nikah’s greatest ritual where the Muslim religious leaders meet to pray to Allah. Also they seek their consent and blessings to start the marriage. This marks the formal notification of marriage to society. The would-be groom & bride will also take part in prayer. Finally, they ask Allah to guide them for happy future through prayers.
In this ritual, the mother of the groom visits the bride’s home with gifts and delicacies on a promising day. Also the bride is gifted with gold & silver coins that are wrapped in a silk scarf cloth. She ties that around the upcoming daughter-in-law’s wrists. This ritual means that the bride formally accepts her potential family.
Mangni, also known as the engagement ceremony where the bride and groom with their corresponding families officially participate. Close family friends, family members and dear ones gather for the bride and groom. They exchange rings on a pre-determined day. Both the families showers on each other with many handouts like sweets, fruits, dry fruits, clothes and money. The intention of marriage between the two families is formally established by this ceremony, and then the bride and the groom are regarded as engaged in the eyes of the community.
This is certainly a unique ritual adopted in India’s Muslim wedding practices. The bride is dressed in yellow finery. This happens one or two days before the actual ceremony of Nikah. The bride’s faces, hands and feet are covered with a paste made of turmeric, sandalwood and rose-water. It is equivalent to the Hindu Haldi tradition. Where the Family females gather to take part in an entertaining and mischievous case. They turn to the bride and each other when applying the paste. After application of turmeric paste is complete, the bride goes on to take the bath. After this ceremony, the bride is not supposed to go out till her wedding day. Also, the same ceremony will happen in the groom’s house as well.
Muslim brides from the Middle East and Indo-Pakistan follow an elaborate ritual of henna pasture known as Mehndi. Again, it’s an event focused on women. Where women from the families meet the night before the marriage around the bride. The most creative woman in the family is assigned with the task of applying henna paste to the bride in uniquely gorgeous, elaborate designs. Today, the work is also employed by skilled Mehndi performers. The groom’s initials are usually part of the bride’s henna designs. Which he must discern jointly on the first night. Other women in the family also get their hands painted with henna as well.
During this pre-wedding ceremony, the family of the groom visits the bride’s home with a handful of gifts for her from her future in-laws. In addition to these, sweets, fruit, etc. They also send the bridal wedding outfit which is to be worn at the moment of the Nikah. Along with these matching jewellery and accessories will also be sent with the outfit. Certain families even send to the bride perfumes, cosmetics and toiletries.
Muslim grooms usually wear Kurta Pajama or Kurta with chudidaar. In the wedding attires, there is usually no colour limit except black. Which among Muslims is deemed the colour of lamentation. In general, some type of needlework on Kurtas is preferred to have the feeling of the wedding. Muslim boys are increasingly attracted to use a Sherwani. Or else, some kind of Indo-West attire coupled with chudidaar pyjama. The sherwani is usually slick and cleverly carved. The groom wears pieces of gold jewellery like neck chains, finger rings and maybe men’s wrists. Like his neck chains, the groom also carries formals wear shoes to go with suit or tuxedo. If it is Sherwani or Kurtha the groom go for Sandals or Nagrai shoes.
In the Holy Quran, the marriage costume of the Muslim Bride is very strictly described. At all times, only her face and hands should be visible to the general public and decently hidden. Salwar Kameez is therefore, the best option in the wedding attires of Muslim brides. In addition to Salwar Kameez, Shararas are popular choices as well. The bride’s head must constantly be covered with dupatta. Also, the Salwar Kameez should have the modest necklines. Green is regarded as Islam’s most favourable colour and green bridal dresses are the most popular.
Also, the outfit includes complex Zari sewing, dead-work and designs. Bride is wearing a multitude of gold and valuable stone decorations. Collar (Neckpieces), ear rings and bracelets are some of the most popular decorations. The Muslim bride must wear a nose ring on the right side of her face. As for married Muslim women, a nose pin on the right side of the nose is mandatory. A Jhoomar or a Pasa is one of the most important gemstones jewellery that is identified with Muslim brides. A triangular or adornment of a kind of the altered Mang Tika version is connected to the hair. But on one hand, preferably on the left side of the hairstyle.
The groom leaves his house with excellent pomp and displays with a host of close friends and family. After arriving at the wedding venue, the family of the Bride welcomes the Baraat with welcoming gifts and offers drinks. The groom shares a glass of sherbet with the bride’s brother. In Indian Muslim Wedding this Baraat will be very interesting. Because on this special day the bride’s Cousins especially welcome the groom and earn lots of gifts from the groom.
The actual wedding ceremony will take place in the presence of the Maulvi, the priest and close families on both sides. In Indian Muslim weddings the Men and females sit separately following traditional and religious customs. Then the bride is provided with a Meher from the family of the groom. During that a pre-decided amount will be given to the bride on the day of the wedding.
After all, the couple agrees to be married by saying “Qubool Hai” three times each when the Imam asks. Next, the Imam reads Nikah-Nama, a binding social contract between the pair and their Muslim faith. The pair agrees with the contract terms and sign it in front of the guests during their wedding ceremony. The Imam provides a brief sermon, the Koran reads and then finally they declare that they are officially called “married couple”.
This was the moment when the recently married couple got the first opportunity, after their Indian Muslim wedding ceremony to see each other. Also, between the bride and the groom there is a mirror along with the Holy Quran. The pair is supposed to see each other through that mirror.
Finally, the bride gives tearful farewell to her family. And starts to enter her husband’s house( new world, with a new family) shortly after the wedding. Gets a warm welcome from her mother-in-law on her arrival at her new home with a new family. The groom’s mom extends her warm welcome by placing the Holy Quran.
The family of the groom organizes a grand and sumptuous wedding reception. Also known as Dawat-e-walimah. This is a way of welcoming the new member of the family. Also a chance to create a formal declaration of the marriage in front of the whole society.
Not only Indian Muslim Wedding, but also every Religion have their traditions and customs. But one thing is common among all of them that is the wedding importance. Since the past 23 years, KMK Event Management have organized many weddings of different customs by taking care of their rituals. And it’s proud to say that we have succeeded in making those perfect day more memorable to those couples. If you are about to have your special day….KMK Events will be there to assures you for having a most wonderful day of your life.
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